Career and Education Opportunities for Soil Scientists in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania has a population of 12,604,767, which has grown by 2.64% in the last 10 years. Nicknamed the "Keystone State," its capital is Harrisburg, though its biggest city is Philadelphia.
The national trend for soil scientists sees this job pool growing by about 15.5% over the next eight years. Soil scientists generally conduct research in breeding, physiology, and management of crops and agricultural plants, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth.
A person working as a soil scientist can expect to earn about $29 hourly or $60,910 yearly on average in Pennsylvania and about $28 hourly or $58,390 per year on average in the U.S. as a whole. Soil scientists earn more than people working in the category of Life Sciences generally in Pennsylvania and less than people in the Life Sciences category nationally. Soil scientists work in a variety of jobs, including: entomologist, research soil scientist, and arboriculturist.
In 2008, there were a total of 7,407,409 jobs in Pennsylvania. The average annual income was $39,762 in 2008, up from $38,738 the previous year. The unemployment rate in Pennsylvania was 8.1% in 2009, which has grown by 2.8% since the previous year. About 22.4% of Pennsylvania residents have college degrees, which is lower than the national average.
The top industries in Pennsylvania include railroad rolling stock manufacturing, women's' cut apparel manufacturing, and community care facilities for the elderly. Notable tourist attractions include the Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies, the Fabric Workshop and Museum, and the College of Physicians of Philadelphia.
CITIES WITH Soil Scientist OPPORTUNITIES IN Pennsylvania
JOB DESCRIPTION: Soil Scientist
In general, soil scientists conduct research in breeding, physiology, and management of crops and agricultural plants, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. They also may classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.
Every day, soil scientists are expected to be able to articulate ideas and problems. They need to listen to and understand others in meetings. It is also important that they think through problems and come up with general rules.
Similar jobs with educational opportunities in Pennsylvania include:
- Biologist. Research or study basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, and functions.
- Chemical Laboratory Technician. Conduct chemical and physical laboratory tests to assist scientists in making qualitative and quantitative analyses of solids, liquids, and gaseous materials for purposes, such as research and development of new products or processes, quality control, maintenance of environmental standards, and other work involving experimental, theoretical, or practical application of chemistry and related sciences.
- Chemist. Conduct qualitative and quantitative chemical analyses or chemical experiments in laboratories for quality or process control or to develop new products or knowledge.
- Environmental Technician. Perform laboratory and field tests to monitor the environment and investigate sources of pollution, including those that affect health. Under direction of an environmental scientist or specialist, may collect samples of gases, soil, and other materials for testing and take corrective actions as assigned.
- Epidemiologist. Investigate and describe the determinants and distribution of disease, disability, and other health outcomes and develop the means for prevention and control.
- Food Science Technician. Perform standardized qualitative and quantitative tests to determine physical or chemical properties of food or beverage products.
- Food Technologist. Use chemistry, microbiology, and other sciences to study the principles underlying the processing and deterioration of foods; analyze food content to determine levels of vitamins, fat, and protein; discover new food sources; research ways to make processed foods safe, palatable, and healthful; and apply food science knowledge to determine best ways to process, package, and distribute food.
- Forester. Manage forested lands for economic, recreational, and conservation purposes. May inventory the type, amount, and location of standing timber, appraise the timber's worth, negotiate the purchase, and draw up contracts for procurement. May determine how to conserve wildlife habitats, creek beds, and soil stability, and how best to comply with environmental regulations. May devise plans for planting and growing new trees, monitor trees for healthy growth, and determine the best time for harvesting. Develop forest management plans for public and privately-owned forested lands.
- Medical Scientist. Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical investigation or other research, production, or related activities.
- Microbiologist. Investigate the growth, structure, and other characteristics of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, algae, or fungi. Includes medical microbiologists who study the relationship between organisms and disease or the effects of antibiotics on microorganisms.
- Natural Resource Manager. Research or study range land management practices to provide sustained production of forage, livestock, and wildlife.
- Park Ranger. Plan, develop, and conduct programs to inform public of historical, natural, and scientific features of national, state, or local park.
- Scientist. Study the chemical composition and physical principles of living cells and organisms, their electrical and mechanical energy, and related phenomena. May conduct research to further understanding of the complex chemical combinations and reactions involved in metabolism, reproduction, and heredity. May determine the effects of foods, drugs, and other substances on tissues and vital processes of living organisms.
- Soil Conservation Technician. Plan and develop coordinated practices for soil erosion control, soil and water conservation, and sound land use.
- Zoologist. Study the origins, behavior, and life processes of animals and wildlife. May specialize in wildlife research and management, including the collection and analysis of biological data to determine the environmental effects of present and potential use of land and water areas.
LOCATION INFORMATION: Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania has a population of 12,604,767, which has grown by 2.64% in the last 10 years. Nicknamed the "Keystone State," its capital is Harrisburg, though its most populous city is Philadelphia. In 2008, there were a total of 7,407,409 jobs in Pennsylvania. The average annual income was $39,762 in 2008, up from $38,738 in 2007. The unemployment rate in Pennsylvania was 8.1% in 2009, which has grown by 2.8% since the previous year. About 22.4% of Pennsylvania residents have college degrees, which is lower than the national average.
The top industries in Pennsylvania include railroad rolling stock manufacturing, women's' cut apparel manufacturing, and community care facilities for the elderly. Notable tourist destinations include the Marian Anderson Residence Museum, the American Interfaith Institute, and the Benjamin Franklin Tercentenary.