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Career and Education Opportunities for Scientists in Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania has a population of 12,604,767, which has grown by 2.64% over the past decade. Nicknamed the "Keystone State," its capital is Harrisburg, though its most populous city is Philadelphia.

There are currently 1,950 jobs for scientists in Pennsylvania and this is projected to grow 17% to about 2,300 jobs by 2016. This is not quite as good as the national trend for scientists, which sees this job pool growing by about 37.4% over the next eight years. Scientists generally study the chemical composition and physical principles of living cells and organisms, their electrical and mechanical energy, and related phenomena.

A person working as a scientist can expect to earn about $44 hourly or $92,370 annually on average in Pennsylvania and about $39 per hour or $82,840 yearly on average in the U.S. as a whole. Incomes for scientists are better than in the overall category of Life Sciences in Pennsylvania, and better than the overall Life Sciences category nationally. Jobs in this field include: laboratory director, research chemist, and associate professor.

In 2008, there were a total of 7,407,409 jobs in Pennsylvania. The average annual income was $39,762 in 2008, up from $38,738 the previous year. The unemployment rate in Pennsylvania was 8.1% in 2009, which has grown by 2.8% since the previous year. Roughly 22.4% of Pennsylvania residents have college degrees, which is lower than the national average.

The top industries in Pennsylvania include railroad rolling stock manufacturing, women's' cut apparel manufacturing, and community care facilities for the elderly. Notable tourist destinations include the Fabric Workshop and Museum, the American Interfaith Institute, and the Benjamin Franklin Tercentenary.

CITIES WITH Scientist OPPORTUNITIES IN Pennsylvania


JOB DESCRIPTION: Scientist

Scientist video from the State of New Jersey Dept. of Labor and Workforce Development

In general, scientists study the chemical composition and physical principles of living cells and organisms, their electrical and mechanical energy, and related phenomena. They also may conduct research to further understanding of the complex chemical combinations and reactions involved in metabolism, reproduction, and heredity.

Every day, scientists are expected to be able to articulate ideas and problems. They need to listen to and understand others in meetings. It is also important that they write clearly and communicate well.

Similar jobs with educational opportunities in Pennsylvania include:

  • Biological Sciences Technician. Assist biological and medical scientists in laboratories. Set up, operate, and maintain laboratory instruments and equipment, monitor experiments, and calculate and record results. May analyze organic substances, such as blood, food, and drugs.
  • Biologist. Research or study basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, and functions.
  • Environmental Health and Safety Specialist. Conduct research or perform investigation for the purpose of identifying, abating, or eliminating sources of pollutants or hazards that affect either the environment or the health of the population. Utilizing knowledge of various scientific disciplines may collect, synthesize, and take action based on data derived from measurements or observations of air, food, and other sources.
  • Epidemiologist. Investigate and describe the determinants and distribution of disease, disability, and other health outcomes and develop the means for prevention and control.
  • Food Science Technician. Perform standardized qualitative and quantitative tests to determine physical or chemical properties of food or beverage products.
  • Food Technologist. Use chemistry, microbiology, and other sciences to study the principles underlying the processing and deterioration of foods; analyze food content to determine levels of vitamins, fat, and protein; discover new food sources; research ways to make processed foods safe, palatable, and healthful; and apply food science knowledge to determine best ways to process, package, and distribute food.
  • Forester. Manage forested lands for economic, recreational, and conservation purposes. May inventory the type, amount, and location of standing timber, appraise the timber's worth, negotiate the purchase, and draw up contracts for procurement. May determine how to conserve wildlife habitats, creek beds, and soil stability, and how best to comply with environmental regulations. May devise plans for planting and growing new trees, monitor trees for healthy growth, and determine the best time for harvesting. Develop forest management plans for public and privately-owned forested lands.
  • Geological Specialist. Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the earth's internal composition, atmospheres, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, crystallographers, and seismologists.
  • Medical Scientist. Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical investigation or other research, production, or related activities.
  • Microbiologist. Investigate the growth, structure, and other characteristics of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, algae, or fungi. Includes medical microbiologists who study the relationship between organisms and disease or the effects of antibiotics on microorganisms.
  • Natural Resource Manager. Research or study range land management practices to provide sustained production of forage, livestock, and wildlife.
  • Park Ranger. Plan, develop, and conduct programs to inform public of historical, natural, and scientific features of national, state, or local park.
  • Soil Conservation Technician. Plan and develop coordinated practices for soil erosion control, soil and water conservation, and sound land use.
  • Soil Scientist. Conduct research in breeding, physiology, and management of crops and agricultural plants, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.
  • Zoologist. Study the origins, behavior, and life processes of animals and wildlife. May specialize in wildlife research and management, including the collection and analysis of biological data to determine the environmental effects of present and potential use of land and water areas.

LOCATION INFORMATION: Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania photo by Ed Yakovich

Pennsylvania has a population of 12,604,767, which has grown by 2.64% in the last 10 years. Nicknamed the "Keystone State," its capital is Harrisburg, though its most populous city is Philadelphia. In 2008, there were a total of 7,407,409 jobs in Pennsylvania. The average annual income was $39,762 in 2008, up from $38,738 in 2007. The unemployment rate in Pennsylvania was 8.1% in 2009, which has grown by 2.8% since the previous year. About 22.4% of Pennsylvania residents have college degrees, which is lower than the national average.

The top industries in Pennsylvania include railroad rolling stock manufacturing, women's' cut apparel manufacturing, and community care facilities for the elderly. Notable tourist destinations include the Marian Anderson Residence Museum, the American Interfaith Institute, and the Benjamin Franklin Tercentenary.