Engineering: Career and Education Opportunities in Minnesota
Engineering: Engineers design and often construct new devices and technologies. Working is a variety of areas, including aerospace, automotive and biomedical, they are the drivers of new inventions and innovations.
Minnesota has a population of 5,266,214, which has grown by 7.05% over the past 10 years. Nicknamed the "North Star State," its capital is Saint Paul, though its largest city is Minneapolis. In 2008, there were a total of 3,567,295 jobs in Minnesota. The average annual income was $42,953 in 2008, up from $41,693 the previous year. The unemployment rate in Minnesota was 8.0% in 2009, which has grown by 2.6% since the previous year. Roughly 27.4% of Minnesota residents have college degrees, which is higher than the national average.
The top industries in Minnesota include medical, dental, and hospital equipment merchant wholesalers, general-line grocery merchant wholesalers, and real estate credit. Notable tourist destinations include the Hennepin History Museum, the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, and the Fridley Historical Society Museum.
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CAREERS WITHIN Engineering
Aerodynamics Engineers perform a variety of engineering work in designing, constructing, and testing aircraft, missiles, and spacecraft. Aerodynamics Engineers need to evaluate the effectiveness of systems in order to improve their performance. They also need to evaluate and judge the efficacy of solutions.
Agricultural Engineers apply knowledge of engineering technology and biological science to agricultural problems concerned with power and machinery, electrification, structures, soil and water conservation, and processing of agricultural products. Agricultural Engineers need to use core mathematical skills in problem solving. They also need to read and understand what has been read.
Biomedical Engineers apply knowledge of engineering, biology, and biomechanical principles to the design, development, and evaluation of biological and health systems and products, such as artificial organs, prostheses, instrumentation, medical information systems, and health management and care delivery systems. Biomedical Engineers need to read and understand what has been read. They also need to use core mathematical skills in problem solving.
Chemical Engineers design chemical plant equipment and devise processes for manufacturing chemicals and products, such as gasoline, synthetic rubber, and pulp, by applying principles and technology of chemistry, physics, and engineering. Chemical Engineers need to understand and use core scientific concepts. They also need to read and understand what has been read.
Civil Engineers perform engineering duties in planning, designing, and overseeing construction and maintenance of building structures, and facilities, such as roads, railroads, airports, bridges, harbors, channels, dams, irrigation projects, pipelines, power plants, water and sewage systems, and waste disposal units. Civil Engineers need to read and understand what has been read. They also need to use core mathematical skills in problem solving.
Computer Engineers research, design, and test computer or computer-related equipment for commercial, industrial, or scientific use. Computer Engineers need to read and understand what has been read. They also need to evaluate and judge the efficacy of solutions.
Electrical Engineers design, develop, or supervise the manufacturing and installation of electrical equipment, components, or systems for commercial, industrial, or scientific use. Electrical Engineers need to diagnose equipment problems and failures. They also need to read and understand what has been read.
Electronics Engineers research, design, and test electronic components and systems for commercial, industrial, or scientific use utilizing knowledge of electronic theory and materials properties. Electronics Engineers need to read and understand what has been read. They also need to diagnose equipment problems and failures.
Industrial Engineers design, develop, and evaluate integrated systems for managing industrial production processes including human work factors, quality control, inventory control, logistics and material flow, cost analysis, and production coordination. Industrial Engineers need to determine which tools and techniques should be applied to solve a problem or deal with a situation. They also need to read and understand what has been read.
Manufacturing Engineers apply knowledge of materials and engineering theory and methods to design, integrate, and improve manufacturing systems or related processes.
Materials Engineers evaluate materials and develop machinery and processes to manufacture materials for use in products that must meet specialized design and performance specifications. Materials Engineers need to read and understand what has been read. They also need to understand and use core scientific concepts.
Mechanical Engineers perform engineering duties in planning and designing tools, engines, and other mechanically functioning equipment. Mechanical Engineers need to identify when problems are more complex then expected and deal with them appropriately. They also need to respond to the actions of other and coordinate activities with them.