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Career and Education Opportunities for Sheriffs in Columbia, Maryland

Many educational and employment opportunities exist for sheriffs in the Columbia, Maryland area. There are currently 17,500 working sheriffs in Maryland; this should grow 9% to 19,130 working sheriffs in the state by 2016. This is better than the national trend for sheriffs, which sees this job pool growing by about 8.7% over the next eight years. In general, sheriffs enforce law and order in rural or unincorporated districts or serve legal processes of courts.

The income of a sheriff is about $26 per hour or $54,670 annually on average in Maryland. In the U.S. as a whole, their income is about $24 hourly or $51,410 annually on average. Compared with people working in the overall category of Police and Security, people working as sheriffs in Maryland earn less. They earn more than people working in the overall category of Police and Security nationally. Sheriffs work in a variety of jobs, including: narcotics detective, deputy, and civil division deputy sheriff.

There are eleven schools within twenty-five miles of Columbia where you can study to be a sheriff, among 109 schools of higher education total in the Columbia area. Sheriffs usually hold a high school diploma or GED, so you can expect to spend only a short time studying to be a sheriff if you already have a high school diploma.

CAREER DESCRIPTION: Sheriff

Sheriff video from the State of New Jersey Dept. of Labor and Workforce Development

In general, sheriffs enforce law and order in rural or unincorporated districts or serve legal processes of courts. They also may patrol courthouse, guard court or grand jury, or escort defendants.

Sheriffs execute arrest warrants, locating and taking persons into custody. They also investigate illegal or suspicious efforts. Equally important, sheriffs have to drive vehicles or patrol specific areas to uncover law violators and make arrests. They are often called upon to record daily efforts and submit logs and other related reports and paperwork to appropriate authorities. They are expected to take control of accident scenes to maintain traffic flow, to help accident victims, and to investigate causes. Finally, sheriffs serve statements of claims orders to pay alimony, and other court orders.

Every day, sheriffs are expected to be able to evaluate problems as they arise. They need to articulate ideas and problems. It is also important that they listen to and understand others in meetings.

It is important for sheriffs to notify patrol units to take violators into custody or to furnish needed assistance or medical aid. They are often called upon to place people in protective custody. They also patrol and guard courthouses, grand jury rooms, or assigned areas to furnish security and arrest violators. They are sometimes expected to question individuals entering secured areas to establish their business, directing and rerouting individuals as needed. Somewhat less frequently, sheriffs are also expected to record daily efforts and submit logs and other related reports and paperwork to appropriate authorities.

They also have to be able to oversee jail operations and tend to jail inmates And finally, they sometimes have to investigate illegal or suspicious efforts.

Like many other jobs, sheriffs must have exceptional integrity and be able to deal with stress and deal with situations calmly.

Similar jobs with educational opportunities in Columbia include:

  • Bailiff. Maintain order in courts of law.
  • Chief of Police. Supervise and coordinate activities of members of police force.
  • Correctional Officer. Guard inmates in penal or rehabilitative institution in accordance with established regulations and procedures. May guard prisoners in transit between jail, courtroom, or other point. Includes deputy sheriffs and police who spend the majority of their time guarding prisoners in correctional institutions.
  • Criminal Investigator. Investigate alleged or suspected criminal violations of Federal, state, or local laws to determine if evidence is sufficient to recommend prosecution.
  • Crossing Guard. Guide or control vehicular or pedestrian traffic at such places as streets, schools, or construction sites.
  • Customs Inspector. Investigate and inspect persons, common carriers, and merchandise, arriving in or departing from the United States or between states to detect violations of immigration and customs laws and regulations.
  • Fire Code Inspector. Inspect buildings and equipment to detect fire hazards and enforce state and local regulations.
  • Fire Inspector. Conduct investigations to determine causes of fires and explosions.
  • Forest Fire Lookout. Enforce fire regulations and inspect for forest fire hazards. Report forest fires and weather conditions.
  • Police Officer. Conduct investigations to prevent crimes or solve criminal cases.
  • Police Records Officer. Collect evidence at crime scenes, classify and identify fingerprints, and photograph evidence for use in criminal and civil cases.
  • Policeman. Patrol assigned areas to enforce laws and ordinances, regulate traffic, and arrest violators.
  • Private Investigator. Detect occurrences of unlawful acts or infractions of rules in private establishment, or seek, examine, and compile information for client.
  • Security Guard. Guard, patrol, or monitor premises to prevent theft, violence, or infractions of rules.
  • Transportation Security Officer. Inspect baggage or cargo and screen passengers to detect and prevent potentially dangerous objects from being transported into secure areas or onto aircraft.

EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES: Sheriff Training

The Community College of Baltimore County - Baltimore, MD

The Community College of Baltimore County, 7201 Rossville Blvd., Baltimore, MD 21237. The Community College of Baltimore County is a large college located in Baltimore, Maryland. It is a public school with primarily 2-year programs and has 20,673 students. The Community College of Baltimore County has a one to two year and an associate's degree program in Criminal Justice/Police Science which graduated 120 and forty-two students respectively in 2008.

Montgomery College - Rockville, MD

Montgomery College, 40 W. Gude Drive, Suite 220, Rockville, MD 20850. Montgomery College is a large college located in Rockville, Maryland. It is a public school with primarily 2-year programs and has 24,452 students. Montgomery College has an associate's degree program in Criminal Justice/Police Science which graduated twenty-two students in 2008.

University of the District of Columbia - Washington, DC

University of the District of Columbia, 4200 Connecticut Ave NW, Washington, DC 20008. University of the District of Columbia is a medium sized university located in Washington, District of Columbia. It is a public school with primarily 4-year or above programs and has 5,339 students. University of the District of Columbia has an associate's degree program in Criminal Justice/Police Science which graduated nine students in 2008.

Baltimore City Community College - Baltimore, MD

Baltimore City Community College, 2901 Liberty Hts Ave, Baltimore, MD 21215-7893. Baltimore City Community College is a medium sized college located in Baltimore, Maryland. It is a public school with primarily 2-year programs and has 6,884 students. Baltimore City Community College has an associate's degree program in Criminal Justice/Police Science which graduated twenty-three students in 2008.

Prince George's Community College - Largo, MD

Prince George's Community College, 301 Largo Rd, Largo, MD 20774-2199. Prince George's Community College is a large college located in Largo, Maryland. It is a public school with primarily 2-year programs and has 12,005 students. Prince George's Community College has a one to two year and an associate's degree program in Criminal Justice/Police Science which graduated one and ten students respectively in 2008.

Anne Arundel Community College - Arnold, MD

Anne Arundel Community College, 101 College Pky, Arnold, MD 21012-1895. Anne Arundel Community College is a large college located in Arnold, Maryland. It is a public school with primarily 2-year programs and has 15,149 students. Anne Arundel Community College has a one to two year and an associate's degree program in Criminal Justice/Police Science which graduated eleven and thirty students respectively in 2008.

George Washington University - Washington, DC

George Washington University, 2121 I Street, NW, Washington, DC 20052. George Washington University is a large university located in Washington, District of Columbia. It is a private not-for-profit school with primarily 4-year or above programs. It has 25,027 students and an admission rate of 37%. George Washington University has a less than one year and a bachelor's degree program in Criminal Justice/Police Science which graduated thirty-five and three students respectively in 2008.

Carroll Community College - Westminster, MD

Carroll Community College, 1601 Washington Rd, Westminster, MD 21157. Carroll Community College is a small college located in Westminster, Maryland. It is a public school with primarily 2-year programs and has 3,453 students. Carroll Community College has a one to two year program in Criminal Justice/Police Science.

University of Baltimore - Baltimore, MD

University of Baltimore, Charles at Mount Royal, Baltimore, MD 21201-208. University of Baltimore is a medium sized university located in Baltimore, Maryland. It is a public school with primarily 4-year or above programs. It has 5,844 students and an admission rate of 50%. University of Baltimore has a bachelor's degree and a master's degree program in Criminal Justice/Police Science which graduated sixty-four and nineteen students respectively in 2008.

TESST College of Technology-Beltsville - Beltsville, MD

TESST College of Technology-Beltsville, 4600 Powder Mill Rd, Beltsville, MD 20705. TESST College of Technology-Beltsville is a small college located in Beltsville, Maryland. It is a private for-profit school with primarily 2-year programs and has 641 students. TESST College of Technology-Beltsville has an associate's degree program in Criminal Justice/Police Science which graduated twenty-eight students in 2008.

George Mason University - Fairfax, VA

George Mason University, 4400 University Dr, Fairfax, VA 22030-4444. George Mason University is a large university located in Fairfax, Virginia. It is a public school with primarily 4-year or above programs. It has 30,800 students and an admission rate of 63%. George Mason University has a bachelor's degree program in Criminal Justice/Police Science which graduated 160 students in 2008.

CERTIFICATIONS

Oxygen Administration: Prepares laypersons and professional rescuers with the knowledge and skills needed to know when and how to use supplemental oxygen and breathing devices.

For more information, see the American Red Cross website.

Police Service Dog Certification: This test is to determine if the police service dog is capable of performing on and off lead obedience exercises.

For more information, see the Eastern States Working Dog Association, INC website.

LOCATION INFORMATION: Columbia, Maryland

Columbia, Maryland
Columbia, Maryland photo by Jeff Kubina

Columbia is located in Howard County, Maryland. It has a population of over 96,421. The cost of living index in Columbia, 100, is near the national average.

The three most popular industries for women in Columbia are educational services, health care, and professional, scientific, and technical services. For men, it is professional, scientific, and technical services, public administration, and educational services. The average travel time to work is about 30 minutes. More than 59.0% of Columbia residents have a bachelor's degree, which is higher than the state average. The percentage of residents with a graduate degree, 28.7%, is higher than the state average.

The percentage of Columbia residents that are affiliated with a religious congregation, 49.3%, is less than the national average but more than the state average. Abiding Savior Lutheran Church, Atholton Seventh Day Adventist Church and Long Reach Interfaith Center are all churches located in Columbia. The most prominent religious groups are the Catholic Church, the United Methodist Church and the Southern Baptist Convention.

Columbia is home to the Symphony Woods Office Center and the Rivers Corporate Park as well as Middle Patuxent Environmental Area and Clarksville Environmental Area. Shopping centers in the area include Governor Century Plaza Shopping Center, Atholton Shopping Center and Owen Brown Village Shopping Center. Visitors to Columbia can choose from PFMG, Courtyard by Marriott and Hilton Inn Columbia for temporary stays in the area.