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Career and Education Opportunities for Computer Programmers in Sacramento, California

There are many career and education opportunities for computer programmers in the Sacramento, California area. About 36,900 people are currently employed as computer programmers in California. By 2016, this is expected to shrink 3% to 35,700 people employed. This is not quite as good as the nation as a whole, where employment opportunities for computer programmers are expected to shrink by about 2.9%. Computer programmers generally convert project specifications and statements of problems and procedures to detailed logical flow charts for coding into computer language.

Computer programmers earn about $38 per hour or $80,220 per year on average in California and about $33 per hour or $69,620 yearly on average nationally. Compared with people working in the overall category of Computer, people working as computer programmers in California earn less. They earn less than people working in the overall category of Computer nationally. Computer programmers work in a variety of jobs, including: systems analyst, computer graphic designer, and applications developer.

There are forty-two schools of higher education in the Sacramento area, including eleven within twenty-five miles of Sacramento where you can get a degree to start your career as a computer programmer. Given that the most common education level for computer programmers is a Bachelor's degree, you can expect to spend about four years studying to be a computer programmer if you already have a high school diploma.

CAREER DESCRIPTION: Computer Programmer

Computer Programmer video from the State of New Jersey Dept. of Labor and Workforce Development

In general, computer programmers convert project specifications and statements of problems and procedures to detailed logical flow charts for coding into computer language. They also develop and write computer programs to store, locate, and retrieve specific documents, data, and information.

Computer programmers write and rewrite programs, using workflow charts and diagrams, and applying knowledge of computer capabilities and symbolic logic. They also conduct trial runs of programs and software applications to be sure they will produce the desired data and that the instructions are correct. Equally important, computer programmers have to correct errors by making appropriate changes and rechecking the program to insure that the desired results are produced. They are often called upon to perform or direct revision, repair, or expansion of existing programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements. They are expected to write and maintain computer programs or software packages to handle specific jobs such as tracking inventory, storing or retrieving data, or controlling other equipment. Finally, computer programmers confer with and assist computer operators or system analysts to define and resolve problems in running computer programs.

Every day, computer programmers are expected to be able to listen to and understand others in meetings. They need to read and understand documents and reports. It is also important that they think through problems and come up with general rules.

It is important for computer programmers to perform systems analysis and programming tasks to maintain and control the use of computer systems software as a systems programmer. They are often called upon to compile and write documentation of program development and subsequent revisions, inserting comments in the coded instructions so others can understand the program. They also write or contribute to instructions or manuals to guide end users. They are sometimes expected to investigate whether networks, workstations, the central processing unit of the system, or peripheral equipment are responding to a program's instructions. Somewhat less frequently, computer programmers are also expected to collaborate with computer manufacturers and other users to design new programming methods.

They also have to be able to collaborate with computer manufacturers and other users to design new programming methods and confer with managerial and technical personnel to explain program intent and suggest changes. And finally, they sometimes have to train subordinates in programming and program coding.

Like many other jobs, computer programmers must be able to absorb the factors involved and a problem and provide a well thought out solution and be thorough and dependable.

Similar jobs with educational opportunities in Sacramento include:

  • Applications Programmer. Develop, create, and modify general computer applications software or specialized utility programs. Analyze user needs and develop software solutions. Design software or customize software for client use with the aim of optimizing operational efficiency. May analyze and design databases within an application area, working individually or coordinating database development as part of a team.
  • Computer Scientist. Conduct research into fundamental computer and information science as theorists, designers, or inventors. Solve or develop solutions to problems in the field of computer hardware and software.
  • Computer Security Specialist. Plan, coordinate, and implement security measures for information systems to regulate access to computer data files and prevent unauthorized modification, destruction, or disclosure of information.
  • Computer Systems Analyst. Analyze science, engineering, and all other data processing problems for application to electronic data processing systems. Analyze user requirements, procedures, and problems to automate or improve existing systems and review computer system capabilities, workflow, and scheduling limitations. May analyze or recommend commercially available software. May supervise computer programmers.
  • Computer Systems Engineer. Research, design, and test operating systems-level software, compilers, and network distribution software for medical, industrial, and general computing applications. Set operational specifications and formulate and analyze software requirements. Apply principles and techniques of computer science, engineering, and mathematical analysis.
  • Data Base Design Analyst. Coordinate changes to computer databases, test and implement the database applying knowledge of database management systems. May plan, coordinate, and implement security measures to safeguard computer databases.
  • Network Operations Analyst. Determine user requirements and design specifications for computer networks. Plan and implement network upgrades.
  • Network Systems and Data Communications Analyst. Analyze, design, and evaluate network systems, such as local area networks (LAN), wide area networks (WAN), Internet, intranet, and other data communications systems. Perform network modeling, analysis, and planning. Research and recommend network and data communications hardware and software. Includes telecommunications specialists who deal with the interfacing of computer and communications equipment. May supervise computer programmers.
  • Network and Computer Systems Administrator. Install, configure, and support an organization's local area network (LAN), wide area network (WAN), and Internet system or a segment of a network system. Maintain network hardware and software. Monitor network to ensure network availability to all system users and perform necessary maintenance to support network availability. May supervise other network support and client server specialists and plan, coordinate, and implement network security measures.
  • Operations Research Analyst. Formulate and apply mathematical modeling and other optimizing methods using a computer to develop and interpret information that assists management with decision making, policy formulation, or other managerial functions. May develop related software, service, or products. Frequently concentrates on collecting and analyzing data and developing decision support software. May develop and supply optimal time, cost, or logistics networks for program evaluation, review, or implementation.
  • Software Engineer. Design and develop solutions to complex applications problems, system administration issues, or network concerns. Perform systems management and integration functions.

EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES: Computer Programmer Training

San Joaquin Delta College - Stockton, CA

San Joaquin Delta College, 5151 Pacific Ave, Stockton, CA 95207. San Joaquin Delta College is a large college located in Stockton, California. It is a public school with primarily 2-year programs and has 20,480 students. San Joaquin Delta College has 2 areas of study related to Computer Programmer. They are:

  • Computer Programming/Programmer, less than one year and two to four year which graduated four and zero students respectively in 2008.
  • Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, two to four year.

Heald College-Roseville - Roseville, CA

Heald College-Roseville, Seven Sierra Gate Plz, Roseville, CA 95678. Heald College-Roseville is a small college located in Roseville, California. It is a private for-profit school with primarily 2-year programs and has 736 students. Heald College-Roseville has an associate's degree program in Management Information Systems.

Sacramento City College - Sacramento, CA

Sacramento City College, 3835 Freeport Blvd, Sacramento, CA 95822-1386. Sacramento City College is a large college located in Sacramento, California. It is a public school with primarily 2-year programs and has 26,175 students. Sacramento City College has 4 areas of study related to Computer Programmer. They are:

  • Computer Programming/Programmer, two to four year.
  • Web Page, Digital/Multimedia & Information Resources Design, associate's degree and two to four year.
  • Computer Graphics, two to four year.
  • Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, two to four year.

Cosumnes River College - Sacramento, CA

Cosumnes River College, 8401 Center Parkway, Sacramento, CA 95823-5799. Cosumnes River College is a large college located in Sacramento, California. It is a public school with primarily 2-year programs and has 14,518 students. Cosumnes River College has 3 areas of study related to Computer Programmer. They are:

  • Computer Programming/Programmer, less than one year, one to two year, associate's degree, and two to four year which graduated six, two, two, and zero students respectively in 2008.
  • Web Page, Digital/Multimedia & Information Resources Design, less than one year and two to four year which graduated one and zero students respectively in 2008.
  • E-Commerce/Electronic Commerce, two to four year.

CSI Career College - Vacaville, CA

CSI Career College, 611 Orange Dr Ste K, Vacaville, CA 95687. CSI Career College is a small college located in Vacaville, California. It is a private for-profit school with primarily 2-year programs. It has 292 students and an admission rate of 94%. CSI Career College has a less than one year program in Computer Graphics.

The Art Institute of California-Sacramento - Sacramento, CA

The Art Institute of California-Sacramento, 2850 Gateway Oaks Dr-Ste 100, Sacramento, CA 95833. The Art Institute of California-Sacramento is a small school located in Sacramento, California. It is a private for-profit school with primarily 4-year or above programs. It has 134 students and an admission rate of 47%. The Art Institute of California-Sacramento has a bachelor's degree program in Web Page, Digital/Multimedia & Information Resources Design.

Sierra College - Rocklin, CA

Sierra College, 5000 Rocklin Road, Rocklin, CA 95677-3397. Sierra College is a large college located in Rocklin, California. It is a public school with primarily 2-year programs and has 21,608 students. Sierra College has 3 areas of study related to Computer Programmer. They are:

  • Computer Programming/Programmer, less than one year, associate's degree, and two to four year which graduated three, twelve, and zero students respectively in 2008.
  • Web Page, Digital/Multimedia & Information Resources Design, associate's degree and two to four year.
  • Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, associate's degree and two to four year.

University of Phoenix-Sacramento Valley Campus - Sacramento, CA

University of Phoenix-Sacramento Valley Campus, 2890 Gateway Oaks Drive, Suite 200, Sacramento, CA 95833-3632. University of Phoenix-Sacramento Valley Campus is a small university located in Sacramento, California. It is a private for-profit school with primarily 4-year or above programs and has 3,166 students. University of Phoenix-Sacramento Valley Campus has 2 areas of study related to Computer Programmer. They are:

  • Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, bachelor's degree which graduated 20 students in 2008.
  • Management Information Systems, bachelor's degree and master's degree which graduated nine and five students respectively in 2008.

American River College - Sacramento, CA

American River College, 4700 College Oak Dr, Sacramento, CA 95841-4286. American River College is a large college located in Sacramento, California. It is a public school with primarily 2-year programs and has 37,601 students. American River College has 4 areas of study related to Computer Programmer. They are:

  • Computer Programming/Programmer, less than one year, one to two year, associate's degree, and two to four year which graduated one, one, four, and zero students respectively in 2008.
  • Web Page, Digital/Multimedia & Information Resources Design, one to two year and two to four year which graduated one and zero students respectively in 2008.
  • Computer Graphics, one to two year and two to four year which graduated three and zero students respectively in 2008.
  • Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, less than one year and two to four year which graduated one and zero students respectively in 2008.

ITT Technical Institute-Rancho Cordova - Rancho Cordova, CA

ITT Technical Institute-Rancho Cordova, 10863 Gold Center Dr, Rancho Cordova, CA 95670-6034. ITT Technical Institute-Rancho Cordova is a small school located in Rancho Cordova, California. It is a private for-profit school with primarily 4-year or above programs. It has 816 students and an admission rate of 50%. ITT Technical Institute-Rancho Cordova has an associate's degree program in Web Page, Digital/Multimedia & Information Resources Design which graduated thirty-eight students in 2008.

Folsom Lake College - Folsom, CA

Folsom Lake College, 10 College Parkway, Folsom, CA 95630. Folsom Lake College is a medium sized college located in Folsom, California. It is a public school with primarily 2-year programs and has 9,142 students. Folsom Lake College has 4 areas of study related to Computer Programmer. They are:

  • Computer Programming/Programmer, less than one year and two to four year which graduated seven and zero students respectively in 2008.
  • Computer Graphics, less than one year and two to four year which graduated two and zero students respectively in 2008.
  • Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, less than one year and two to four year which graduated three and zero students respectively in 2008.
  • E-Commerce/Electronic Commerce, two to four year.

CERTIFICATIONS

CIW Associate: Certified CIW Associates possess the basic hands-on skills and knowledge that Internet professionals are expected to understand and use.

For more information, see the Certified Internet Web Professionals website.

CIW Security Analyst: Security Analysts protect an organization's assets and operations.

For more information, see the Certified Internet Web Professionals website.

Stay Sharp Program - Mastering Packet Analysis: Network administrators, information security analysts, intrusion detection and prevention analysts and network auditors that need an in-depth understanding of how to assess network protocols and use powerful network analysis tools.

For more information, see the Global Information Assurance Certification website.

Ethics in IT: All IT professionals including: Systems administrators, auditors, information security officers, programmers, systems analysts, database administrators, Information service providers, contractors, consultants.

For more information, see the Global Information Assurance Certification website.

EC Council Certified Secure Programmer: EC-Council's Certified Secure Programmer is being offered to provide the essential and fundamental skills to programmers and application developers in secure programming.

For more information, see the International Council of E-Commerce Consultants website.

Associate of International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium: Associate of (ISC) status is available to those who have gained competence in key areas of industry knowledge and information security concepts and can pass either the CISSP® or SSCP® examinations, but lack the years of practical work experience required for full accreditation.

For more information, see the International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium, Inc. website.

Certification and Accreditation Professional: The CAP credential is an objective measure of the knowledge, skills and abilities required for personnel involved in the Certification and Accreditation process.

For more information, see the International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium, Inc. website.

Certified Web Professional - Application Developer: A CWP Application Developer builds client- and server-side Web applications using Rapid Application Development tools and component technologies to implement two-tier database connectivity solutions.

For more information, see the International Webmasters Association website.

Certified Web Professional - Enterprise Developer: A CWP Enterprise Developer builds n-tier database and legacy connectivity solutions for Web applications, using Java, Java application programming interfaces (APIs), Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) solutions, middleware tools, and distributed object models.

For more information, see the International Webmasters Association website.

Certified Web Professional - Site Designer: A CWP Site Designer implements and maintains Web sites using authoring and scripting languages, content creation and management tools, and digital media.

For more information, see the International Webmasters Association website.

Web Technologies Certificate: Provides the Web developer with a solid foundation in the basic technologies used to create Web sites.

For more information, see the International Webmasters Association website.

Web Programming Certificate: This certification is for individuals are are interested in working as a Web programmer.

For more information, see the International Webmasters Association website.

Microsoft Certified Professional Developer: For individuals who wish to distinguish themselves as an expert in Windows development, Web application development, or enterprise applications development.

For more information, see the Microsoft Corporation website.

Microsoft Certified Application Developer: Demonstrate your ability to build applications by using Microsoft Visual Studio .

For more information, see the Microsoft Corporation website.

Security Certified Network Professional: The SCNP program focuses on defensive security technologies, such as Firewalls and Intrusion Detection.

For more information, see the Security Certified Program website.

Certified Team Developer: GUPTA's Team Developer is a visual object-oriented RAD tool that is proven to shorten the development cycle; providing developers the tools to quickly design, develop and deploy their Windows or Linux solution.

For more information, see the Unify website.

WOW Certified Apprentice Webmaster: WOW Certified Webmaster apprentices understand the basic breadth of topics that fall under Webmastering.

For more information, see the World Organization of Webmasters website.

WOW Certified E-Commerce Manager: E-Commerce Managers are masters at developing and executing web marketing and e-commerce strategies and operations.

For more information, see the World Organization of Webmasters website.

WOW Certified Professional Web Administrator: WOW Certification is a powerful opportunity for individuals aspiring to be or already working as a Web professional.

For more information, see the World Organization of Webmasters website.

WOW Certified Professional Web Designer: WOW Certification is a powerful opportunity for individuals aspiring to be or already working as a Web professional.

For more information, see the World Organization of Webmasters website.

WOW Certified Professional Web Developer: WOW Certification is a powerful opportunity for individuals aspiring to be or already working as a Web professional.

For more information, see the World Organization of Webmasters website.

WOW Certified Professional Webmaster: WOW Certification is a powerful opportunity for individuals aspiring to be or already working as a Web professional.

For more information, see the World Organization of Webmasters website.

WOW Certified Web Administrator Apprentice: Web Administrator Apprentices are aware of the fundamental concepts for the hardware and software infrastructure supporting Internet communications.

For more information, see the World Organization of Webmasters website.

WOW Certified Web Consultant: Small Business Certified Web Consultants are professionals in designing, building and overseeing Web sites for medium or large companies or personal businesses as the Web manager or project manager.

For more information, see the World Organization of Webmasters website.

WOW Certified Web Designer Apprentice: Web Designer Apprentices are familiar with the visual arts and are learning to create images and designs that capture and keep visitors' interest.

For more information, see the World Organization of Webmasters website.

WOW Certified Web Developer Apprentice: Web Developer Apprentices are familiar with the fundamentals of creating web site structure and interactivity.

For more information, see the World Organization of Webmasters website.

Certified Web Designer Associate: Web Designer Associates are proficient in the visual arts and creating the images and designs that capture and keep visitors' interest.

For more information, see the World Organization of Webmasters website.

Certified Web Associate Webmaster: WOW Certified Web Associates are proficient at blending the art of HTML-coding with the visual arts to create pages that are content-rich and visually pleasing.

For more information, see the World Organization of Webmasters website.

Certified Web Developer Associate: Web Developer Associates are proficient at creating web site structure and interactivity.

For more information, see the World Organization of Webmasters website.

LOCATION INFORMATION: Sacramento, California

Sacramento, California
Sacramento, California photo by Urdangaray

Sacramento is located in Sacramento County, California. It has a population of over 463,794, which has grown by 13.9% in the past ten years. The cost of living index in Sacramento, 93, is below the national average. New single-family homes in Sacramento are valued at $185,300 on average, which is far less than the state average. In 2008, nine hundred thirty-four new homes were constructed in Sacramento, down from 1,337 the previous year.

The top three industries for women in Sacramento are health care, educational services, and public administration. For men, it is construction, public administration, and accommodation and food services. The average travel time to work is about 23 minutes. More than 23.9% of Sacramento residents have a bachelor's degree, which is lower than the state average. The percentage of residents with a graduate degree, 8.4%, is lower than the state average.

The unemployment rate in Sacramento is 14.7%, which is greater than California's average of 12.3%.

The percentage of Sacramento residents that are affiliated with a religious congregation, 36.9%, is less than both the national and state average. Pearly Gate Missionary Baptist Church, Peace Lutheran Church and Parkview Presbyterian Church are among the churches located in Sacramento. The most prominent religious groups are the Catholic Church, the LDS (Mormon) Church and the Assemblies of God.

Sacramento is home to the Southern Pacific Shops and the Bing Maloney Golf Course as well as Alkali Flat North Historic District and Silva Field. Shopping centers in the area include Farmers Center Shopping Center, Florin Square Shopping Center and Franklin and Florin Shopping Center. Visitors to Sacramento can choose from Best Western Sutter House, Best for Less Motel-Cababa Lodge and AAA Residence Inn for temporary stays in the area.